TitleThe wear and tear of daily stressors on mental health.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsCharles, ST, Piazza, JR, Mogle, J, Sliwinski, MJ, Almeida, DM
JournalPsychol Sci
Date Published2013 May
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adult, Affect, Age Factors, Aged, Anxiety Disorders, Causality, Depressive Disorder, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Self Report, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States

<p>Researchers assert that affective responses to seemingly minor daily events have long-term implications for mental health, yet this phenomenon has rarely been investigated. In the current study, we examined how levels of daily negative affect and affective reactivity in response to daily stressors predicted general affective distress and self-reported anxiety and depressive disorders 10 years after they were first assessed. Across eight consecutive evenings, participants (N = 711; age = 25 to 74 years) reported their daily stressors and their daily negative affect. Increased levels of negative affect on nonstressor days were related to general affective distress and symptoms of an affective disorder 10 years later. Heightened affective reactivity to daily stressors predicted greater general affective distress and an increased likelihood of reporting an affective disorder. These findings suggest that the average levels of negative affect that people experience and how they respond to seemingly minor events in their daily lives have long-term implications for their mental health.</p>

Alternate JournalPsychol Sci
PubMed ID23531486
PubMed Central IDPMC3654031
Grant ListP01 AG03949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG019239 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG003949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01AG019239 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD041025 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States