TitleWaking Up on the Wrong Side of the Bed: The Effects of Stress Anticipation on Working Memory in Daily Life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsHyun, J, Sliwinski, MJ, Smyth, JM
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published2019 Jan 01
KeywordsAdult, Anticipation, Psychological, Ecological Momentary Assessment, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Middle Aged, Psychomotor Performance, Spatial Memory, Stress, Psychological, Time Factors

<p><b>OBJECTIVES: </b>The aim of this study was to examine the association between stress anticipated for the upcoming day and cognitive function later on that day, and how this relationship differed across age.</p><p><b>METHOD: </b>A diverse adult community sample (N = 240, age 25-65 years) completed ecological momentary assessment (EMA) reports for 2 weeks on a smartphone; each day they completed a morning survey upon waking, beeped surveys at five times during a day, and an end-of-day survey. Morning and end-of-day surveys included questions to measure stress anticipation, and each beeped survey included measures of stressful events, followed by a spatial working memory (WM) task.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Results from multilevel models indicated that stress anticipation reported upon waking, but not on the previous night, was associated with deficit in WM performance later that day; importantly, this effect was over and above the effect of EMA-reported stress. The detrimental effect of stress anticipation upon waking was invariant across age.</p><p><b>DISCUSSION: </b>These findings suggest that anticipatory processes can produce harmful effects on cognitive functioning that are independent of everyday stress experiences. This may identify an important avenue to mitigate everyday cognitive lapses among older adults.</p>

Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
PubMed ID29767767
PubMed Central IDPMC6294280
Grant ListR01 AG039409 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG042595 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR002556 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG003949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001073 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
T32 AG049676 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States