TitleVerbal pragmatics following unilateral stroke: emotional content and valence.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsBorod, JC, Rorie, KD, Pick, LH, Bloom, RL, Andelman, F, Campbell, AL, Obler, LK, Tweedy, JR, Welkowitz, J, Sliwinski, MJ
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume14
Issue1
Pagination112-24
Date Published2000 Jan
ISSN0894-4105
KeywordsAdult, Affect, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aphasia, Female, Functional Laterality, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Sensitivity and Specificity, Stroke, Vocabulary
Abstract

<p>Verbal pragmatic aspects of discourse production were examined in 16 right brain-damaged (RBD), 16 left brain-damaged (LBD), and 16 normal control right-handed adults. The facilitation effect of emotional content, valence hypothesis, and relationship between pragmatics and emotion were evaluated. Participants produced monologues while recollecting emotional and nonemotional experiences. Transcribed monologues were rated for appropriateness on 6 pragmatic features: conciseness, lexical selection, quantity, relevancy, specificity, and topic maintenance. Overall, brain-damaged groups were rated as significantly less appropriate than normals. Consistent with the facilitation effect, emotional content enhanced pragmatic performance of LBD aphasic participants yet suppressed performance of RBD participants. Contrary to the valence hypothesis, RBD participants were more impaired for positive emotions and LBD participants for negative emotions. Pragmatic appropriateness was not strongly correlated with a measure of emotional intensity.</p>

DOI10.1037//0894-4105.14.1.112
Alternate JournalNeuropsychology
PubMed ID10674803
Grant ListMH42172 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
MH44889 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States