TitleStressor diversity: Introduction and empirical integration into the daily stress model.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKoffer, RE, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Almeida, DM
JournalPsychol Aging
Volume31
Issue4
Pagination301-20
Date Published2016 06
ISSN1939-1498
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Affect, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Multilevel Analysis, Stress, Psychological, Young Adult
Abstract

<p>The present study examined whether and how stressor diversity, the extent to which stressor events are spread across multiple types of stressors, contributes to daily affective well-being through the adult life span. Stressor diversity was examined as a unique predictor of daily affect and as a moderator of stressor exposure and stressor reactivity effects. Analyses span 2 independent studies of daily stress: the National Study of Daily Experiences with N = 2,022 adults, aged 33 to 85 years, assessed over T = 8 days, and the Intraindividual Study of Affect, Health, and Interpersonal Behavior with N = 150 adults, aged 18 to 89 years, assessed over T = 63 days. Across both studies, older age was associated with less stressor diversity. Additionally, multivariate multilevel models indicated higher stressor diversity was linked with better affective well-being. Age, however, was not a consistent moderator of such associations. The combination of low stressor diversity and high stressor exposure is discussed as an operationalization of chronic stressors, and this combination was associated with particularly high negative affect and low positive affect. We believe further work will benefit from including both the frequency and diversity of stressor experiences in analyses in order to better characterize individuals' stressor experiences. (PsycINFO Database Record</p>

DOI10.1037/pag0000095
Alternate JournalPsychol Aging
PubMed ID27294713
PubMed Central IDPMC4943459
Grant ListR01 HD076994 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
RC1 AG035645 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR002014 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001425 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG019239 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD041025 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U19 AG051426 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR000127 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States