TitleSpouse confidence in self-efficacy for arthritis management predicts improved patient health.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGere, J, Martire, LM, Keefe, FJ, Stephens, MAnn Parris, Schulz, R
JournalAnn Behav Med
Date Published2014 Dec
KeywordsAged, Depression, Disease Management, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Knee, Patient Outcome Assessment, Self Efficacy, Severity of Illness Index, Spouses

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>In addition to patient self-efficacy, spouse confidence in patient efficacy may also independently predict patient health outcomes. However, the potential influence of spouse confidence has received little research attention.</p><p><b>PURPOSE: </b>The current study examined the influence of patient and spouse efficacy beliefs for arthritis management on patient health.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Patient health (i.e., arthritis severity, perceived health, depressive symptoms, lower extremity function), patient self-efficacy, and spouse confidence in patients' efficacy were assessed in a sample of knee osteoarthritis patients (N = 152) and their spouses at three time points across an 18-month period. Data were analyzed using structural equation models.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Consistent with predictions, spouse confidence in patient efficacy for arthritis management predicted improvements in patient depressive symptoms, perceived health, and lower extremity function over 6 months and in arthritis severity over 1 year.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Our findings add to a growing literature that highlights the important role of spouse perceptions in patients' long-term health.</p>

Alternate JournalAnn Behav Med
PubMed ID24604529
PubMed Central IDPMC4331068
Grant ListK02 AG039412 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG026010 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States