TitleThe role of neighborhood stressors on cognitive function: A coordinated analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMunoz, E, Scott, SB, Corley, R, Wadsworth, SJ, Sliwinski, MJ, Reynolds, CA
JournalHealth Place
Volume66
Pagination102442
Date Published2020 Nov
ISSN1873-2054
Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between perceived neighborhood stressors, encompassing negative perceived neighborhood characteristics, and specific cognitive abilities in adulthood. We conducted a coordinated analysis across three studies of adults in the United States and found that perceived neighborhood stressors were consistently associated with poorer performance on attention-demanding cognitive tasks. We specifically found that perceived neighborhood stressors were associated with lower performance in spatial abilities, working memory, and executive function but not perceptual speed, and that the effect was most consistent for lower perceived neighborhood safety followed by lower perceived aesthetic quality, greater perceived neighborhood crime, and lower perceived neighborhood cohesion. These results highlight the importance of the psychosocial neighborhood context for cognitive health in adulthood.

DOI10.1016/j.healthplace.2020.102442
Alternate JournalHealth Place
PubMed ID32977302
PubMed Central IDPMC7686053
Grant ListR01 AG039409 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG042595 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
F32 AG056134 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR002556 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG003949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U19 AG051426 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P60 DA011015 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG046938 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P2C HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD036773 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 MH063207 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD010333 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 DA042755 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
R01 DA046064 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
R56 MH063207 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001073 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States