TitlePersonality and stressor-related affect.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLeger, KA, Charles, ST, Turiano, NA, Almeida, DM
JournalJ Pers Soc Psychol
Volume111
Issue6
Pagination917-928
Date Published2016 12
ISSN1939-1315
KeywordsAdult, Affect, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality, Stress, Psychological
Abstract

<p>Greater increases in negative affect and greater decreases in positive affect on days stressors occur portend poorer mental and physical health years later. Although personality traits influence stressor-related affect, only neuroticism and extraversion among the Big Five personality traits have been examined in any detail. Moreover, personality traits may shape how people appraise daily stressors, yet few studies have examined how stressor-related appraisals may account for associations between personality and stressor-related affect. Two studies used participants (N = 2,022; age range: 30-84) from the National Study of Daily Experiences II to examine the associations between Big Five personality traits and stressor-related affect and how appraisals may account for these relationships. Results from Study 1 indicate that higher levels of extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to experience and lower levels of neuroticism are related to less stressor-related negative affect. Only agreeableness was associated with stressor-related positive affect, such that higher levels were related to greater decreases in positive affect on days stressors occur. The second study found that stressor-related appraisals partially accounted for the significant associations between stressor-related negative affect and personality. Implications for these findings in relation to how personality may influence physical and emotional health are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record</p>

DOI10.1037/pspp0000083
Alternate JournalJ Pers Soc Psychol
PubMed ID26796984
PubMed Central IDPMC4956603
Grant ListP01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG019239 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG042431 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U19 AG051426 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States