TitleObesity as a risk factor for developing functional limitation among older adults: A conditional inference tree analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCheng, FW, Gao, X, Bao, L, Mitchell, DC, Wood, C, Sliwinski, MJ, Smiciklas-Wright, H, Still, CD, Rolston, DDK, Jensen, GL
JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
Date Published2017 Jul
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Body Mass Index, Comorbidity, Disability Evaluation, Disabled Persons, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Geriatric Assessment, Humans, Life Style, Logistic Models, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Obesity, Pennsylvania, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors

<p><b>OBJECTIVE: </b>To examine the risk factors of developing functional decline and make probabilistic predictions by using a tree-based method that allows higher order polynomials and interactions of the risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>The conditional inference tree analysis, a data mining approach, was used to construct a risk stratification algorithm for developing functional limitation based on BMI and other potential risk factors for disability in 1,951 older adults without functional limitations at baseline (baseline age 73.1 ± 4.2 y). We also analyzed the data with multivariate stepwise logistic regression and compared the two approaches (e.g., cross-validation). Over a mean of 9.2 ± 1.7 years of follow-up, 221 individuals developed functional limitation.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Higher BMI, age, and comorbidity were consistently identified as significant risk factors for functional decline using both methods. Based on these factors, individuals were stratified into four risk groups via the conditional inference tree analysis. Compared to the low-risk group, all other groups had a significantly higher risk of developing functional limitation. The odds ratio comparing two extreme categories was 9.09 (95% confidence interval: 4.68, 17.6).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Higher BMI, age, and comorbid disease were consistently identified as significant risk factors for functional decline among older individuals across all approaches and analyses.</p>

Alternate JournalObesity (Silver Spring)
PubMed ID28544480