TitleThe nature of processing speed deficits in traumatic brain injury: is less brain more?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsHillary, FG, Genova, HM, Medaglia, JD, Fitzpatrick, NM, Chiou, KS, Wardecker, BM, Franklin, RG, Wang, J, DeLuca, J
JournalBrain Imaging Behav
Date Published2010 Jun
KeywordsAdult, Brain, Brain Injuries, Brain Mapping, Case-Control Studies, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Cognition, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Mental Processes, Middle Aged, Neural Pathways, Neuropsychological Tests, Oxygen, Prefrontal Cortex, Reaction Time, Time Factors, Visual Perception, Young Adult

<p>The cognitive constructs working memory (WM) and processing speed are fundamental components to general intellectual functioning in humans and highly susceptible to disruption following neurological insult. Much of the work to date examining speeded working memory deficits in clinical samples using functional imaging has demonstrated recruitment of network areas including prefrontal cortex (PFC) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). What remains unclear is the nature of this neural recruitment. The goal of this study was to isolate the neural networks distinct from those evident in healthy adults and to determine if reaction time (RT) reliably predicts observable between-group differences. The current data indicate that much of the neural recruitment in TBI during a speeded visual scanning task is positively correlated with RT. These data indicate that recruitment in PFC during tasks of rapid information processing are at least partially attributable to normal recruitment of PFC support resources during slowed task processing.</p>

Alternate JournalBrain Imaging Behav
PubMed ID20502993