TitleA naturalistic study of ambulatory asthma severity and reported avoidant coping styles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsNazarian, D, Smyth, JM, Sliwinski, MJ
JournalChronic Illn
Date Published2006 Mar
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Asthma, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate, Stress, Psychological

<p><b>OBJECTIVE: </b>To examine how the use of dispositional avoidant coping traits prospectively predicts ambulatory asthma severity in daily life.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>An ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design enabled examination of stable coping styles across dynamic daily changes of ambulatory peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), asthma symptoms and stress in the natural environment of patients with asthma. A community sample of 61 adults with asthma reported their typical use of avoidant coping styles and carried palmtop computers that alerted them to record their stress and symptoms five times per day for 1 week.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Some aspects of dispositional avoidant coping predicted more asthma symptoms and worse PEFR. Denial and behavioural disengagement as typical coping styles predicted more symptoms and worse PEFR. Mental disengagement was unrelated to symptoms and PEFR.</p><p><b>DISCUSSION: </b>These data suggest that individuals with asthma who report typically utilizing avoidant coping may have worse health parameters in momentary reports when examined in their natural environments. Differences between avoidant coping styles emerged, suggesting the existence of moderating factors of coping effectiveness.</p>

Alternate JournalChronic Illn
PubMed ID17175682
Grant ListR01 HL67990 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States