TitleLongitudinal relationships among depressive symptoms and three types of memory self-report in cognitively intact older adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsHill, NL, Mogle, J, Bhargava, S, Bell, TReed, Bhang, I, Katz, M, Sliwinski, MJ
JournalInt Psychogeriatr
Date Published2020 Jun
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Cognition, Depression, Female, Humans, Independent Living, Interviews as Topic, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory, Memory Disorders, New York City

<p><b>OBJECTIVES: </b>The current study examined whether self-reported memory problems among cognitively intact older adults changed concurrently with, preceded, or followed depressive symptoms over time.</p><p><b>DESIGN: </b>Data were collected annually via in-person comprehensive medical and neuropsychological examinations as part of the Einstein Aging Study.</p><p><b>SETTING: </b>Community-dwelling older adults in an urban, multi-ethnic area of New York City were interviewed.</p><p><b>PARTICIPANTS: </b>The current study included a total of 1,162 older adults (Mage = 77.65, SD = 5.03, 63.39% female; 74.12% White). Data were utilized from up to 11 annual waves per participant.</p><p><b>MEASUREMENTS: </b>Multilevel modeling tested concurrent and lagged associations between three types of memory self-report (frequency of memory problems, perceived one-year decline, and perceived ten-year decline) and depressive symptoms.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Results showed that self-reported frequency of memory problems covaried with depressive symptoms only in participants who were older at baseline. Changes in perceived one-year and ten-year memory decline were related to changes in depressive symptoms across all ages. Depressive symptoms increased the likelihood of perceived ten-year memory decline the next year; however, perceived ten-year memory decline did not predict future depressive symptoms. Additionally, no significant temporal relationship was observed between depressive symptoms and self-reported frequency of memory problems or perceived one-year memory decline.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>Our findings highlight the importance of testing the unique associations of different types of self-reported memory problems with depressive symptoms.</p>

Alternate JournalInt Psychogeriatr
PubMed ID31309918
PubMed Central IDPMC6962573
Grant ListP01 AG003949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG055398 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States