|Title||Longitudinal differences in cognitive functioning among older adults with and without heart failure.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Alwerdt, J, Edwards, JD, Athilingam, P, O'Connor, ML, Valdés, EG|
|Journal||J Aging Health|
|Date Published||2013 Dec|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cognition Disorders, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory, Mental Processes, Self Report, Thinking|
OBJECTIVE: Secondary data analyses were conducted to examine cognitive function and longitudinal cognitive decline among older adults with and without heart failure (HF).
METHOD: Data from the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly study were used to compare baseline (N = 2,790) and longitudinal (n = 692) changes in memory, reasoning, and speed of processing performance among participants (M age = 73.61, SD = 5.89) who self-reported HF at baseline, developed HF over time, or never reported HF.
RESULTS: At baseline, there were differences in memory and speed of processing with participants who never reported HF performing better than those who reported developing HF over time, and those who reported HF at baseline performing the worst (ps < .05). Longitudinally, participants with self-reported HF at baseline showed declines in reasoning over time.
DISCUSSION: The results indicate that cognitive difficulties in memory and speed may occur prior to a HF diagnosis, while those with HF may experience steeper declines in reasoning as measured by word series test.
|Alternate Journal||J Aging Health|
|Grant List||U01 NR004508 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States |
U01 AG014282 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG014260 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG014289 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 NR004507 / NR / NINR NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG014276 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG014263 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States