TitleThe influence of social support and perceived stress on response time inconsistency.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsPhibbs, S, Stawski, RS, MacDonald, SWS, Munoz, E, Smyth, JM, Sliwinski, MJ
JournalAging Ment Health
Date Published2019 Feb
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Choice Behavior, Cognitive Aging, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personal Satisfaction, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Social Networking, Social Support, Stress, Psychological, Young Adult

<p><b>OBJECTIVES: </b>Lack of social support and high levels of stress represent potentially modifiable risk factors for cognitive aging. In this study we examined the relationships between these two risk factors and response time inconsistency (RTI), or trial-to-trial variability in choice response time tasks. RTI is an early indicator of declining cognitive health, and examining the influence of modifiable psychosocial risk factors on RTI is important for understanding and promoting cognitive health during adulthood and old age.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Using data from a community sample study (n = 317; M = 49, range = 19-83), we examined the effects of social support, including size of network and satisfaction with support, global perceived stress, and their interactions on RTI.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Neither size of network nor satisfaction with support was associated with RTI independent of perceived stress. Stress was positively associated with increased RTI on all tasks, independent of social support. Perceived stress did not interact with either dimension of social support to predict RTI, and perceived stress effects were invariant across age and sex.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>Perceived stress, but not social support, may be a unique and modifiable risk factor for normal and pathological cognitive aging. Discussion focuses on the importance of perceived stress and its impact on RTI in supporting cognitive health in adulthood and old age.</p>

Alternate JournalAging Ment Health
PubMed ID29171959
PubMed Central IDPMC8864726
Grant ListF32 AG056134 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG026728 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG039409 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R21 AG045575 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States