TitleEveryday stress response targets in the science of behavior change.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSmyth, JM, Sliwinski, MJ, Zawadzki, MJ, Scott, SB, Conroy, DE, Lanza, ST, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Kim, J, Stawski, RS, Stoney, CM, Buxton, OM, Sciamanna, CN, Green, PM, Almeida, DM
JournalBehav Res Ther
Date Published2018 Feb
KeywordsAffect, Behavior Control, Biomedical Research, Cognition, Exercise, Humans, Sleep, Stress, Psychological

<p>Stress is an established risk factor for negative health outcomes, and responses to everyday stress can interfere with health behaviors such as exercise and sleep. In accordance with the Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) program, we apply an experimental medicine approach to identifying stress response targets, developing stress response assays, intervening upon these targets, and testing intervention effectiveness. We evaluate an ecologically valid, within-person approach to measuring the deleterious effects of everyday stress on physical activity and sleep patterns, examining multiple stress response components (i.e., stress reactivity, stress recovery, and stress pile-up) as indexed by two key response indicators (negative affect and perseverative cognition). Our everyday stress response assay thus measures multiple malleable stress response targets that putatively shape daily health behaviors (physical activity and sleep). We hypothesize that larger reactivity, incomplete recovery, and more frequent stress responses (pile-up) will negatively impact health behavior enactment in daily life. We will identify stress-related reactivity, recovery, and response in the indicators using coordinated analyses across multiple naturalistic studies. These results are the basis for developing a new stress assay and replicating the initial findings in a new sample. This approach will advance our understanding of how specific aspects of everyday stress responses influence health behaviors, and can be used to develop and test an innovative ambulatory intervention for stress reduction in daily life to enhance health behaviors.</p>

Alternate JournalBehav Res Ther
PubMed ID29031538
PubMed Central IDPMC5801200
Grant ListP50 DA039838 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
UH2 AG052167 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UH3 AG052167 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States