TitleEmotional support and well-being of midlife women: role-specific mastery as a mediational mechanism.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsMartire, LM, Stephens, MA, Townsend, AL
JournalPsychol Aging
Date Published1998 Sep
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Caregivers, Child, Child, Preschool, Depression, Emotions, Female, Frail Elderly, Gender Identity, Humans, Infant, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Marriage, Middle Aged, Mother-Child Relations, Parenting, Personal Satisfaction, Personality Inventory, Social Support, Women, Working

<p>This study examined the relationships among emotional support, mastery, and well-being for 258 women who simultaneously occupied the roles of wife, mother, parent care provider, and employee. Its primary aim was to determine if a greater sense of mastery in each of these 4 roles could explain the relationship between emotional support from the partner or partners in the same role (the husband, children, impaired parent, or work supervisor) and better psychological well-being (less depressive symptomatology and more life satisfaction). Findings revealed that more emotional support from each of the 4 role partners was related to a greater sense of mastery in that same role. Furthermore, for each of the roles of wife, mother, and employee, role-specific mastery was a mediating mechanism in the relationship between support from the role partner or partners and better well-being.</p>

Alternate JournalPsychol Aging
PubMed ID9793116
Grant ListR01 AG 11906 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH19986 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States