|Title||The Efficacy of InSight Cognitive Training to Improve Useful Field of View Performance: A Brief Report.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Edwards, JD, Valdés, EG, Peronto, C, Castora-Binkley, M, Alwerdt, J, Andel, R, Lister, JJ|
|Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Date Published||2015 May|
|Keywords||Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Psychomotor Performance, Treatment Outcome, Visual Fields|
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that cognitive speed of processing training (SOPT) improves Useful Field of View (UFOV) performance and transfers to enhanced performance of instrumental activities of daily living, including driving. InSight is a recently developed version of SOPT formatted for self-administration by older adults with exercises translated into a gaming format. The goal was to examine whether InSight training improves UFOV performance.
METHOD: Participants ranged in age between 59-95 years and were randomized to InSight cognitive training or a control condition. Cognitive performance and self-perceptions were measured pre- and post-training, or for controls, after an equivalent delay. Participants completed training twice a week over a 12-week period with the goal of completing 20 sessions.
RESULTS: Participants randomized to InSight training experienced greater improvements in their UFOV performance relative to the control condition, F(1, 58) = 4.26, p = .043, but no changes in cognitive self-perceptions were found.
CONCLUSIONS: The InSight program is a viable tool for enhancing older adults' UFOV performance. Future research should examine if training gains from the program endure and transfer to improved everyday function.
|Alternate Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|