TitleThe effects of age and gender on the perception of lexical emotion.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsGrunwald, IS, Borod, JC, Obler, LK, Erhan, HM, Pick, LH, Welkowitz, J, Madigan, NK, Sliwinski, MJ, Whalen, J
JournalAppl Neuropsychol
Volume6
Issue4
Pagination226-38
Date Published1999
ISSN0908-4282
KeywordsAdult, Affect, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cognition Disorders, Communication, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Sex Factors, Vocabulary
Abstract

<p>The primary purpose of this study was to examine the perception of lexical/verbal emotion across the adult life span. Secondary goals were to examine the contribution of gender and valence (i.e., pleasantness/unpleasantness) to the processing of lexical emotional stimuli. Participants were 28 young (ages 20-39), 28 middle-aged (ages 40-59), and 28 older (ages 60-85) right-handed adults; there were 14 men and 14 women in each age group. Age groups were comparable on demographic and cognitive variables. Participants made accuracy judgments and intensity ratings of emotional (both positive and negative) and nonemotional stimuli from lexical perception tasks from the New York Emotion Battery (Borod, Welkowitz, & Obler, 1992). Accuracy and intensity measures were not significantly correlated. When age was examined, older participants perceived emotional and nonemotional lexical stimuli with significantly less accuracy than did younger and middle-aged participants. On the other hand, older participants evaluated the nonemotional lexical stimuli as significantly more intense than younger participants. When gender was examined, lexical stimuli were processed more accurately by female than male participants. Further, emotional stimuli were rated more intense by female participants. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed.</p>

DOI10.1207/s15324826an0604_5
Alternate JournalAppl Neuropsychol
PubMed ID10635437
Grant ListMH42172 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
MH44889 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States