TitleDoes Chronic Stress Moderate Age Differences in Emotional Well-being? Testing Predictions of Strength and Vulnerability Integration (SAVI).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSliwinski, MJ, Freed, S, Scott, SB, Pasquini, G, Smyth, JM
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published2020 Oct 15
ISSN1758-5368
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The Strength and Vulnerability Integration (SAVI) theory posits boundary conditions, such as chronic stress, which place constraints on positive emotional aging. We examine SAVI's prediction that higher levels of chronic stress will attenuate favorable age gradients for multiple indices of well-being.

METHOD: We used cross-sectional data from a diverse systematic probability sample of adults (n=260, ages 25 to 65). Multiple regression analysis was used to examine age gradients and test age x chronic stress interactions on five measures of well-being relevant for SAVI's prediction: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, emotional distress, and rumination.

RESULTS: Age was unrelated to well-being unless individual differences in health limitations were statistically controlled, in which case older age was associated with more favorable levels of well-being. Chronic stress significantly interacted with age for negative affect, emotional distress, rumination and life satisfaction; examination of the interactions indicated that age was no longer associated with more favorable levels of well-being at higher levels of chronic stress.

DISCUSSION: Our findings support a key prediction of SAVI by demonstrating that high levels of chronic stress present a boundary condition for favorable age-gradients on well-being. We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding the 'paradox' of well-being.

DOI10.1093/geronb/gbaa174
Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
PubMed ID33057679
Grant ListP01 AG003949 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States