TitleDaily interpersonal coping strategies: Implications for self-reported well-being and cortisol.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBirditt, KS, Nevitt, MR, Almeida, DM
JournalJ Soc Pers Relat
Date Published2015 Aug

<p>An important pathway by which relationships influence health may involve how people cope with interpersonal tensions. This study examined whether same day and prior day avoidance and engagement in arguments are differentially associated with self-reported well-being (emotional, physical) and diurnal cortisol patterns. Participants from Wave 2 of the National Study of Daily Experiences (NSDE; =1512; ages 33-84, 57% women), completed daily phone interviews for eight consecutive days and provided useable saliva samples that were assayed for cortisol for four of those days at specific times: waking, 30 minutes after waking, before lunch, and bedtime. Multilevel models revealed same day arguments were associated with lower well-being (higher negative affect, lower positive affect) than same day avoidance or no tension. In contrast, previous day avoidance was associated with lower next day well-being (higher negative affect, more physical symptoms) and higher next day cortisol than having no interpersonal tension the previous day. Arguments have greater same day consequences for well-being, whereas avoided arguments have greater next day consequences, which may indicate delayed effects of avoidance.</p>

Alternate JournalJ Soc Pers Relat
PubMed ID26213435
PubMed Central IDPMC4511593
Grant ListR00 AG029879 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
K99 AG029879 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR001425 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG020166 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG019239 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States