TitleA comparison of the frequencies of risk factors for depression in older black and white participants in a study of indicated prevention.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSriwattanakomen, R, McPherron, J, Chatman, J, Morse, JQ, Martire, LM, Karp, JF, Houck, PR, Bensasi, S, Houle, J, Stack, JA, Woods, M, Block, B, Thomas, SB, Quinn, S, Reynolds, CF
JournalInt Psychogeriatr
Date Published2010 Dec
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Alcoholism, Black or African American, Comorbidity, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Disabled Persons, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Income, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Pennsylvania, Prevalence, Quality of Life, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders, White People

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>To compare the frequencies of risk factors, we describe risks for depression as a function of race among consecutively admitted participants in a randomized clinical trial of indicated depression prevention in later life.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Seventy-two black and 143 white participants were screened for risk factors for depression.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Black participants were more likely to have fewer years of education and lower household income. They were more likely to be obese, live alone, experience functional disability, have a history of alcohol and drug abuse, and have lower scores on the Mini-mental State Examination and the Executive Interview (EXIT). White participants were not found to have greater prevalence or higher mean score on any risk factor. On average, black participants experienced approximately one more risk factor than white participants (t(213) = 3.32, p = 0.0011).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>In our sample, black participants had higher frequencies of eight risk factors for depression and a greater mean number of risk factors compared to white participants.</p>

Alternate JournalInt Psychogeriatr
PubMed ID20843391
PubMed Central IDPMC3040637
Grant ListP60 MD 000207 / MD / NIMHD NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH071944 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P60 MD000207 / MD / NIMHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH19986 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P30 MH071944-05 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
P60 MD000207-10 / MD / NIMHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH019986-15 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH019986 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States