|Title||Associations Between Control Beliefs and Response Time Inconsistency in Older Adults Vary as a Function of Attentional Task Demands.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Cerino, ES, Stawski, RS, G Geldhof, J, MacDonald, SWS|
|Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|Date Published||2020 10 16|
|Keywords||Aged, Attention, Cognition, Cognitive Aging, Culture, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Independent Living, Individuality, Male, Mental Competency, Mental Processes, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychosocial Functioning, Reaction Time, Task Performance and Analysis|
OBJECTIVE: Control beliefs are established correlates of cognitive aging. Despite recent demonstrations that response time inconsistency (RTI) represents a proxy for cognitive processing efficiency, few investigations have explored links between RTI and psychosocial correlates. We examined associations among RTI and control beliefs (perceived competence and locus of control) for two choice-response time (RT) tasks varying in their attentional demands.
METHOD: Control beliefs and RTI were measured weekly for 5 weeks in a sample of 304 community-dwelling older adults (Mage = 74.11 years, SD = 6.05, range = 64-92, 68.58% female).
RESULTS: Multilevel models revealed that for the attentionally demanding task, reporting higher perceived competence than usual was associated with lower RTI for relatively younger participants and greater RTI for relatively older participants. For the less attentionally demanding task, reporting higher perceived competence than usual was associated with lower RTI for relatively older participants. Links between locus of control and RTI were comparatively scant.
DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that control beliefs may have adaptive and maladaptive influences on RTI, depending on dimension of control beliefs, individual differences in level of control beliefs and age, as well as attentional task demands. Both for whom and when control beliefs can be leveraged to optimize cognitive aging are discussed.
|Alternate Journal||J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC7566966|
|Grant List||R01 AG012448 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
R21 AG045575 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States