TitleAging and task switching: a meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWasylyshyn, C, Verhaeghen, P, Sliwinski, MJ
JournalPsychol Aging
Date Published2011 Mar
KeywordsAged, Aging, Executive Function, Humans, Middle Aged, Reaction Time, Task Performance and Analysis

<p>A meta-analysis of 26 published articles (with 36 independent participant groups) was conducted to analyze the relationship between task-switching effects and aging. Latency served as the dependent measure. Multilevel modeling was used to test for additive and multiplicative complexity effects in local and global switch costs. Global task switching was found to add 1 or more stages to processing and resulted in a marked age deficit. Local task-switching costs, on the other hand, showed a multiplicative complexity effect but no specific attention-related age deficits. Cueing or switch predictability did not affect age differences.</p>

Alternate JournalPsychol Aging
PubMed ID21261411
PubMed Central IDPMC4374429
Grant ListR56 AG016201 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG026728 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG-16201 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG-26728 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG016201 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States