TitleAging and counting speed: evidence for process-specific slowing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsSliwinski, MJ
JournalPsychol Aging
Volume12
Issue1
Pagination38-49
Date Published1997 Mar
ISSN0882-7974
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Attention, Female, Humans, Male, Mathematics, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Problem Solving, Reaction Time, Reference Values, Verbal Behavior
Abstract

<p>The performance of adults ranging in age from 20 to 86 on two nonlexical tasks that required different types of counting operations was examined. Subproportional age effects for incrementing speed and for enumeration speed (counting 5 to 8 items) indicate that some types of counting processes are exempt from the slowing effects of aging. Increased age was associated with a diminished frequency and slowing of subitizing (counting < or = 4 items) as well as with slowing in the speed of initiating the incrementing process, but the course of age-related slowing for these measures is described by different functions. These results indicate that cognitive slowing is not equivalent for different types of processes involved in counting and numerosity judgments.</p>

DOI10.1037//0882-7974.12.1.38
Alternate JournalPsychol Aging
PubMed ID9100267
Grant ListHD-01799 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R29 AG12448 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States